Murdoch’s Illuminati: The “Expanded Canvas” of National Geographic Magazine
By Terry Melanson (9/8/2016)
A Rupert Murdoch company purchased a 73% controlling interest in National Geographic Magazine in September 2015. In November they layed off 180 employees in what The Washington Post called the “biggest layoff in its history.” Several fact-checkers were also sacked.
One article in the July/August issue of National Geographic History definitely could have used some fact-checking.
Titled Adam Weishaupt: Founder of the Illuminati, it was adapted from an article in the Spanish edition online.
The most egregious errors in the piece, written by Isabel Hernandez, are the following:
“Born in 1748 in Ingolstadt, a city in the Electorate of Bavaria (now part of modern-day Germany), Weishaupt was a descendant of Jewish converts to Christianity.”
“Weishaupt initially thought of joining a lodge. Disillusioned with many of the Freemasons’ ideas, however, he became absorbed in books dealing with such esoteric themes as the Mysteries of the Seven Sages of Memphis and the Kabbala, and decided to found a new secret society of his own.”
“Over the following years, Weishaupt’s secret order grew considerably in size and diversity, possibly numbering 600 members by 1782. They included important people in Bavarian public life, such as Baron Adolph von Knigge and the banker Mayer Amschel Rothschild, who provided funding.”
Johann Adam Weishaupt was born a Catholic like his father, grandfather and great-grandfather. Before Jeva Singh-Anand (translator of the complete rituals of the Illuminati) died last year, he shared with me what he had been learning about Weishaupt’s ancestry. The records show that Weishaupt’s family were solid Catholics all the way back to the 30 Years War, in 1633 with his great-grandfather Wessel who was a choirmaster at a Catholic church. The first Weishaupt was found in 1528 in Brilon and was spelled “Wythovet,” a Low German form of the name, however he wasn’t related to Weishaupt’s family. In any case 1633 is as far back as can be documented and Wessel was indeed Catholic (i.e. not a convert).
That being said, I’d be remiss (and dishonest) not to mention that in the Dictionary of German-Jewish Surnames, Weisshaupt and Weishaupt are listed in the index of names. I don’t have an explanation for this nor have I consulted the work. Published by Avotaynu, Inc., they describe themselves as the “leading publisher of products of interest to persons who are researching Jewish genealogy, Jewish family trees or Jewish roots.” Author Lars Menk won the 2007 Obermayer German Jewish History Award for his efforts.
Mayer Amschel Rothschild was not a member of the Illuminati, and certainly didn’t fund the operation. Josef Wages suggests that the conflation of Weishaupt and Rothschild traces back to Nesta Webster’s 1921 book World Revolution, in a passage where she (wrongly) asserts that the Illuminati moved their headquarters to Frankfurt, the home of Jewish bankers such as the Rothschild family.
During the research for my book Perfectibilists—utilizing the membership studies of professors Herman Schüttler and Richard van Dülmen—it was immediately apparent that Rothschild was not on any authentic membership list. Still, I went further and investigated if any member of the Illuminati had a relationship with the Rothschild family. There were, in fact, only three (out of over a thousand): Karl Theodor Anton Maria von Dalberg (1744-1817); Karl, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (1744-1836); and the Thurn und Taxis family.
On Dalberg and Rothschild, from page 278 of Perfectibilists:
Archbishop Dalberg was a reluctant emancipator of the Jews. In 1811 he enacted a special law “decreeing that all Jews living in Frankfort, together with their descendants, should enjoy civil rights and privileges equally with other citizens.” In exchange for these newfound liberties, the Jews had to pay him 440,000 florins—financed by Mayer Amschel Rothschild, at a substantial profit no doubt. A number of Masonic Jews at the time also petitioned von Karl for the “exclusive right to maintain lodges in the city.”
According to Niall Ferguson, Mayer Amschel was soon acting as Dalberg’s “court banker.” During the emancipation of the Frankfurt Jews, Rothschild also advanced Dalberg 80,000 gulden “to finance his journey to Paris for the baptism of Napoleon’s son.” Afterwards, Rothschild assisted him in speculative purchases of land, and Dalberg returned the favor by appointing Mayer Amschel to the electoral college of Hanau. Mayer Amschel’s son, also named Amschel, continued the relationship after his father’s death, and advanced 250,000 gulden for Dalberg to purchase horses for the French army.
More precise details on their relationship are found in Amos Elon’s Founder: A Portrait of the First Rothschild and His Time. Elon (p. 136) suggests that there is evidence that Dalberg “had some business dealings with Rothschild in the past” before he became Prince-Primate of the Confederation of the Rhine, and Grand-Duke of Frankfurt in the early 1800s. Dalberg was an Illuminatus in the 1780s, the heyday of the Order; it seems unlikely that there was a connection at such an early date. The Illuminati lacked any significant organization by the late 1780s and by the mid-1790s had petered out completely.
The Hesse-Kassel family had extensive dealings with the Rothschilds and it was this relationship in the first place which propelled the Rothschilds into a European economic powerhouse. The Crown prince Wilhelm IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel maintained a financial association with Meyer Amschel Rothschild as early as the 1760s. It was his brother Karl who was a member of the Illuminati, however; Wilhelm wasn’t even a Freemason. Karl and Rothschild certainly knew one another but there wasn’t much of a relationship. Wilhelm was in charge of the day-to-day governing while Karl was content with devoting his life to masonic and occult pursuits, spending most of his time in Schleswig and Holstein dabbling in alchemy and befriending Saint Germain. Furthermore, Karl, a conservative, had only joined the Illuminati to keep them in check. He certainly didn’t fund them with his own money nor would he have approved of Rothschild doing the same.
The Thurn und Taxis family enjoyed a unique monopoly—postmasters of the Holy Roman Empire. Rothschild took advantage of this:
He was luckier with another prince, Karl Anselm of Thurn and Taxis. His family — of Italian extraction — had been hereditary postmasters of the Holy Roman Empire since the sixteenth century. Karl Anselm’s business headquarters were in Frankfurt. In 1780 Rothschild became one of his preferred bankers, discounting the prince’s bills and granting him short term loans. The Thurn and Taxis postal service covered most of central Europe and its efficacy was proverbial … Rothschild’s ties with the administration of the Thurn and Taxis postal service were profitable to him in more than one way. He was a firm believer in the importance of good information. The postal service was an important source of commercial and political news. The Prince was widely thought to be paying for his monopoly as imperial postmaster by supplying the Emperor with political intelligence gained from mail that passed through his hands. He was not averse to using this intelligence himself — perhaps in conjunction with Rothschild — to make a commercial profit (Elon, op. cit., pp. 75-76).
There were two members of the family who had joined the Illuminati: Count Maximilian Carl Heinrich Joseph von Thurn und Taxis (1745-1825) and Count Thaddäus von Thurn und Taxis (1746-1799). The former didn’t apply the family trade, while the latter was the hereditary Postmaster General in Innsbruck and also a dedicated Freemason. It is not known whether the Illuminati tried to take advantage of his position, but it certainly would have been useful. Baron de Bassus had initiated him and was quite pleased with the acquisition, writing to Weishaupt that Thaddäus, along with the Governor of Tyrol, Count Johann Gottfried von Heister, Vice President of the Provincial Government in Innsbruck, Count Leopold Franz von Kinigl and other influential counselors of the government, were “inflamed by our system,” full of enthusiasm and eager to apply it with all their force (Einige Originalschriften des Illuminatenordens, pp. 393-4; cf. René Le Forestier, Les Illuminés de Bavière et la Franc-Maçonnerie Allemande, p. 399).
There was an explicit directive in the Illuminati that “Jews, pagans, women, monks and members of other secret Orders” were forbidden from entry (Einige Originalschriften…, p. 54). In fact, only a handful of Jews during the 18th century had even managed to become Freemasons. In German speaking lands, Jews—Rothschild included—were confined to the ghettos. They had to get permission to travel and certainly didn’t socialize with the educated and noble class.
Isabel Hernandez’ claim that Weishaupt “became absorbed in books dealing with such esoteric themes as the Mysteries of the Seven Sages of Memphis and the Kabbala” is pure speculation. First of all there’s no such thing as the “Seven Sages of Memphis”; she probably meant the Seven Sages of Greece. In the Spanish article she also included the “secret magic of Osiris,” but this was edited out of the English magazine feature.
I agree with Josef Wages. Taken together—Weishaupt’s Jewish blood, consulting the Kabbalah, Rothschild being a member and having funded the Order—“the author unwittingly utilizes and represents as fact, anti-Semitic propaganda.” Hernandez unfortunately only includes one source in her Spanish article: Serge Hutin, a fringe French author who wrote on ancient aliens, Atlantis, UFOs and all manner of esoterica.
Once again, however, I would be remiss (and dishonest) not to include the fact that Weishaupt, in his early years, by his own admission, had indeed consulted the Kabbalah, also dabbling in alchemical transmutation and spirit invocation. He said that he was crazy for doing so, that “the passage from credulity and bigotry to disbelief is very easy,” and it took him “a thousand follies and aberrations” to reach his current state of mind, divesting himself from the path of error (see Lionel Duvoy’s translation, Adam Weishaupt: Introduction à mon Apologie, Editions Grammata, 2010, p. 48). …But Hernandez certainly did not consult Weishaupt’s 1787 Einleitung zu meiner Apologie. Besides: Weishaupt didn’t mention anything about Osiris magic nor the “Mysteries of the Seven Sages of Memphis.”
Rather than utilizing a work from Serge Hutin, Hernandez’ primary source is chapter 2 (“The llluminati: Triumph of Treachery”) of Jüri Lina’s Under The Sign of The Scorpion: Rise and Fall of The Soviet Empire (1998/2002). There you will find alleged Rothschild Illuminati entanglement, reference to Weishaupt’s Jewish heritage, Cabbalistic preoccupation and being initiated into the “secrets of Osiris magic” by a mysterious “Danish Cabbalist Jew” named Kolmer.
The Kölmer legend first appeared in Volume III of Abbé Augustin Barruel’s tome against Philosophes, Freemasons, the Illuminati and the Jacobins. He related it rather tentatively as a rumour going round, and as a possible way of explaining the ostensibly advanced nature of Weishaupt’s mysteries.
It is not known, and it would be difficult to discover, whether Weishaupt ever had a master, or whether he is himself the great original of those monstrous doctrines on which he founded his school. There exists, however, a tradition which on the authority of some of his adepts we shall lay before the reader.
According to this tradition, a Jutland merchant, who had lived some time in Egypt, began in the year 1771 to overrun Europe, pretending to initiate adepts in the antient mysteries of Memphis. But from more exact information I have learned that he stopped for some time at Malta, where the only mysteries which he taught were the disorganizing tenets of the antient Illuminees, of the adopted slave; and these he sedulously infused into the minds of the people. These principles began to expand, and the island was already threatened with revolutionary confusion, when the Knights very wisely obliged our modern Illuminee to seek his safety in flight. The famous Count (or rather mountebank) Cagliostro is said to have been a disciple of his, as well as some other adepts famous for their Illuminism in the county of Avignon and at Lyons. In his peregrinations, it is said, he met with Weishaupt, and initiated him in his mysteries. If impiety and secrecy could entitle a person to such an initiation, never had any man better claims than Weishaupt. More artful and wicked than Cagliostro, he knew how to direct them among his disciples to very different ends.
Whatever may have been the fact with respect to this first master, it is very certain that Weishaupt needed none.
– In Memoirs Illustrating the History of Jacobinism, Real-View-Books reprint (1995), pp. 402-3.
Unfortunately, Barruel gave no citation nor provided a single clue as to which of Weishaupt’s adepts had recounted the story. Furthermore, Barruel’s book is the first instance in print of the Kölmer speculation, and all subsequent authors afterwards who have repeated it are relying solely on this one passage. Count Le Couteulx de Canteleu’s Les Sectes et Sociétés Secrètes draws attention to it (adding that Kölmer may be identical to Cagliostro’s alleged Master, Altotas), while Nesta Webster reiterated both Le Couteulx de Canteleu and Barruel.
In any case, Barruel was correct when he added the caveat that, in truth, Weishaupt needed no Master.
We now know much about Weishaupt’s influences—from philosophers such as Wolff, Leibniz, Bonnet, Locke, Meiners and Feder, to the precise number of books (4212 volumes) he had full access to in the library of his godfather Baron von Ickstatt—that “a Kölmer” is totally unnecessary. Ickstatt’s library may have been one the largest personal collections in Europe. With unfettered access, Weishaupt became an eclectic and a precocious bibliophile (see Perfectibilists, p. 16 and n.6 on p. 41).
Books were constantly being recommended to his initiates. Most of his “mysteries” had in fact been culled from choice sections among the writings of Meiners and Feder (who in turn became Illuminati themselves), Rousseau, Leibniz and Wolff. And while Nesta Webster gives credence to the Kölmer myth on the basis that some of the Illuminati mysteries reference such things as Fire Worship, Zoroastrianism, and the Mysteries of Eleusis; the plain fact is the very idea for such a thing stems from the contemporary religious studies of Meiners, a fellow philosopher whom Weishaupt admired.
German Illuminati expert Monika Neugebauer-Wölk writes:
From the outset, the Illuminaten Order evidently regarded itself as a competitor in an emporium … Between 1777 and 1779, Weishaupt developed the foundations of a grade system, initiatory rites, and a language using geographical and historical terminology…
For this purpose, two texts on the history of religion by the Göttingen professor of philosophy Christoph Meiners (1747-1810) were fundamental, namely Über die Mysterien der Alten, besonders über die Eleusinischen Geheimnisse (1776) and De Zoroastris vita, institutis, doctrina et libris Commentatio prior (1778). Meiners portrayed the ancient mysteries as a double initiation of believers. Superstitious notions were conveyed in the “Lesser Mysteries”, while in the “Greater Mysteries” the veil of superstition was torn away and those deemed worthy were initiated into the truths of rational understanding of God. Weishaupt accordingly drafted first texts for the Lesser and Greater Mysteries of the Illuminaten – “The religion of reason” as a mystery of an esoteric league –, and this idea was the starting point of the Illuminaten “order-system.” The presentation of the mystery grades, above all the form of the initiations and the temple, was conceived as an adaptation of the “fire-worship” of Zarathustra. The worldly struggle of the Illuminaten was related to the dualistic struggle between good and evil as cosmic principles. In June 1778, Weishaupt first dated an Order letter from “Eleusis” rather than “Ingolstadt”; simultaneously he began to use an ancient Persian calendar for dates. In this early phase, when Weishaupt was solely in charge, the secret society of the Illuminaten was conceived as a mystery league on the basis of the Enlightenment’s understanding of the history and criticism of religion.
– Monika Neugebauer-Wölk, “Illuminaten” entry, in Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism, ed. Wouter J. Hanegraaff, Brill Academic Publishers, 2005, p. 593.
As early as January, 1778, we find Weishaupt recommending Meiners to his trusted student/disciple/initiate, Franz Xaver von Zwack (Cato). “[R]ead … Various Philosophic [Writings] from Meiners, in three parts,” Weishaupt writes. “In the latter, one finds a treatise on the Eleusinian mysteries, that will bring you great enlightenment” (Einige Originalschriften des Illuminatenordens, pp. 198-9).
The entire nomenclature of the Lesser and Greater Mysteries of the Illuminati follows the pattern of what Meiners had written on the subject, who thought that it was only the Epopt of the Greater Mysteries who finally became privy to the final secret, lifting the veil of superstition: that the Gods were only men who had become deified.
The National Geographic History article goes on to make more mistakes such as twice calling Weishaupt’s godfather his uncle, that the Elector Karl Theodor’s widowed sister-in-law was actually his wife the “Grand Duchess of Bavaria,” that Weishaupt who had never been employed again as a teacher after leaving Ingolstadt had “taught philosophy at the University of Göttingen” during his exile in Gotha.
Bits of hyperbole were also added for effect:
On the night of May 1, 1776, the first Illuminati met to found the order in a forest near Ingolstadt. Bathed in torchlight, there were five men.
No torches; no forest; no indication it was nighttime—in any account. There were four besides Weishaupt. Most likely the May 1, 1776 founding was at Ingolstadt University or perhaps at Weishaupt’s residence.
Hernandez also botched the degree system, which was accompanied in the article with an illustration of the back of the US dollar bill—that ubiquitous Illuminati canard of conspiracy mythology.
Rupert Murdoch’s son, James Murdoch, spoke to the employees of National Geographic, assuring them that the deal promised “an expanded canvas for the National Geographic brand to grow and reach customers in new ways, and to reach new customers.”
Customers who consume anti-Semitic conspiracy theories are probably not the ones you want. And the old customers who have fond memories of the magazine and have nothing but respect for its history, object to the new “expanded canvas.”
Update, Sept. 27, 2020: The sources Jeva Singh-Anand consulted were the two standard scholarly studies on Weishaupt’s ancestry:
Edmund Hausfelder, “Die Familie des Adam Weishaupt und seine Schwiegereltern Sausenhofer“, in Sammelblatt des Historischen Vereins Ingolstadt 120 (2011), p. 215-245
Gerhard Brökel, “Adam Weishaupt. Der Gründer des Geheimbundes der Illuminaten und seine Vorfahren in Brilon,” Jahrbuch Hochsauerlandkreis. – 20. 2004 (2003), p. 75-81
Are you familiar with this article about the Rotschild Waterloo legend?
No, I wasn’t. Thanks.
Interesting, but all this is just the tip of the iceberg. We keep on looking at the symptoms and not the real cause of a conspiracy against humans. The Rothschild’s and company are only cat’s-paws
I promoted this on my Blog
Murdoch und co. are just selling another installment of the “jewish conspiracy” meme. Pure nonsense.
Excellent article, Terry.
Thanks. Much appreciated.
Yes, it’s really good.
What about the Order of the Asiatic Brethren ? Aren’t they the “true” Illuminati. We know that there were some followers of Sabbataï Zevi in that lodge. And Gershom Scholem, German-born israeli scholar, wrote in his book about Jewish mysticism that the Sabbateans were “Illuminati”. And like Jacob Katz said, the aime of the Asiatic Brethren was to influence all freemasonry and give it a new spirituality. The Order of the Asiatic Brethren was then replaced by L’Aurore naissante, which was headed by Siegmund Geisenheimer, close collaborator of the Rothschild family. Some members of the Rothschild family were also members of L’Aurore naissante (see Jean-Philippe Schreiber, – Free University of Brussels (ULB) : “Juifs et franc-maçonnerie au XIXe siècle. Un état de la question”).
Asiatic Brethren were not associated with the Bavarian Illuminati. Asiatic Brethren were a Rosicrucian schismatic group seeking authentic kabbalah teachings. The Rosicrucians were the sworn enemies of the Bavarian Illuminati and vice versa.
Scholem’s use of the word Illuminati was not related to Bavarian Illuminati; he used it in a mystical/literal sense. The translator may even have made an error. I would be very interested to know what the original Hebrew word was that Hillel Halkin translated as Illuminati.
Asiatic Brethren/L’Aurore naissante was a unique phenomenon that occurred at the end of the century. Katz himself recorded only a handful of Jews joining masonry beforehand.
Thank you for your reply ! I didn’t want to give the idea that the Asiatic Brethren were associated with the Bivariante Illuminati, or that Scholem used that word in relation with Weishaupt’s Illuminati ! Albert Pike also uses that term “Illuminati” in Morals & Dogma when he talks about Jakob Böhme, etc. Böhme was the author of L’Aurore naissante, hence the name of that lodge ! I thnk they use that term to talk about some sort of gnostics… (I also would be very intersted to know the original Hebrew word !)
Boehmian theosophists were called Illuminati in that era as well. There’s a specialist field of study within western esotericism proper called Illuminism. From around 1760 to about 1830 those who adhered to Illuminism were Boemist theosophists, Mesmerists, Martinists, Pietists and Swedenborgianists. During Weishaupt’s time he was criticized for having called his group Illuminati because it confused people who were used to it being used as a term to denote any or all of the above. This “Illuminist” tradition is distinct from Weishaupt’s group, and the former definitely outlived the latter. Asiatic Brethren are definitely in this tradition as are the Golden Dawn and the OTO; what Jonathan Sellers aptly dubbed the “authentic tradition.”
Thank your for this information !
Juri Lina refers to POUGET de SAINT ANDRES ” Les auteurs caches de la revolution francaise” P 16 .. regarding the JEWISH Genealogy of Adam Weishaupt … I do Not have access to this book .. but Also the Name Weishaupt appears ..as You say ….. in the Dictionary of German Jewish Names. In my opinion .. Terry Melanson is not very convincing in his argumentation and there are a huge number of speculative assertions in his article without attempt of documentation of what is stated … much in contradiction to the meticulous work by both Juri Lina and Nesta Webster… which brings me to my final point … The name MELANSON has a typical JEWISH sound to me …. Are You a JEW ?
> huge number of speculative assertions in his
> article without attempt of documentation
Enunciate the speculation.
The problem with Lina and Webster is that they do not utilize authentic sources for their Illuminati exaggerations. The sources I utilize in this article are scholarly Illuminaten experts with irrefutable documentation; and the Original Writings, which I also cite, is THE primary source.
Who the hell is “Pouget de Saint-André”? If you think he is an expert on the Illuminati, then you are sorely misinformed.
Promoted on our forums: http://thefurther.net/forum/new-forum-test/government-theories-aa/illuminati/153-murdoch’s-illuminati-the-“expanded-canvas”-of-national-geographic-magazine
There is subtle anti-Semitism all over the net nowadays,,,often by omission as well. For people like me who have had many blessed friendships with Jewish people in music and school, it’s heartbreaking to see this. I suppose the ‘usual suspects’ are behind it, but I hate to see youngsters parrot it.
I’d be interested in your thoughts on this new Post I just made.
It’s a shame when a mainstream magazine of note gets facts wrong. In this era of “fake news” the most likely source the fact checking organizations are going to use will be sources like National Geographic and not a source named Conspiracy Archive even though your article is more factual. The erroneous facts then get folded even deeper into our collective minds and further away from the truth.
Hey, Collin brothers had mp3 interviews with Vyzogoth radio host. Where are the mp3s, please upload all the mp3s from that show. I remember Collins bro talked about predictive programming and much more.
If you dont have them, then tell me where I can find them.
Great article, hands down and no doubt. But, it does leave me with some questions: I have only read about three or four of your articles, and you mention “antisemitism” in an almost genetically bad way. What does that mean to you? Does that mean if I see the hand of a few elite people, men who just happen to be Jews, as the base of an incoming “new world order”, does that make me anti-Semitic in your view?
While I’m not discounting what you have said regarding Weishaupt’s family being Catholic, but how do you account for Jews themselves telling us it’s a Jewish name? While I didn’t give it much credence for a long time, and I think it still gets over played (intentionally?), but have you considered the “crypto-Jew” aspect of the Weishaupts? There was an article that I read, totally unaffiliated with anything “conspiratorial”, about a Hispanic early hip hop icon from my hometown, NYC, who happened to have discovered by chance (I forgot how) that he was actualy Jewish. He says he questioned his father, who told him of being (his words) crypto Jew whose whole family secretly converted to Catholicism in Spain to avoid persecution and prosecution. I don’t remember the person, but I’m sure it’s easy enough to find, and I remember the article being on a Jewish media website.
I’ve been reading and writing about conspiracies, and secret societies in particular, for a long time and have checked the sources cited by almost everyone who has written in this field. If I have called someone an antisemite, it’s because I’m intimately familiar with how they have attempted to deceive their readers. Bigots who write conspiracy books cite other bigots and think that that is enough. They get away with it because they serve up exactly what their readership is looking for – a readership who has blinders on and who are just as intellectually lazy as the authors they imbibe.
I have no problem with calling out Zionism/Zionists/Jews and their very real influence upon the West, or the daily crimes of Israel against the Palestinians. Just come at me with facts not made up bullshit that I can debunk in two seconds.
Being transparent is a good thing. I wrote about the book that has Weishaupt in the index of Jewish names because I encourage someone to go out and buy the damn thing so we can all take a gander at what it says. Weishaupt means “white head.” It doesn’t take an Einstein to figure out that over the years Jews and Catholics and Protestants could have taken this German name for themselves for obvious reasons.
Weishapt was a teacher of Roman Catholic canon law at ingolstadt Jesuit university. The encyclopedia judaica 1906 under “Rothschild” states that the rothschilds are “guardians of the papal treasure”. I believe this whole “illuminati” nonsense was concocted by the papacy to divert attention away from them and to place blame elsewhere. The “old world order” was ruled by the Catholic Church. Kings, queens, and heads of state bowed before the papacy. They grew wealthy through indulgences and the laity offering their family wealth for a ticket into heaven, or a shorter sentence in lesser hell they call purgatory. During the crusades a lot of the men that went to fight gave the deed to their property to their local bishop in case they didn’t return. It is said that at one time the RCC owned at least half of the land in Western Europe. No conspiracy theorist who blames the worlds problems on “Jews” can give a date to when the papacy relinquished this wealth and power, and the “Jews” took procession, nor can they tell us how this happened either. The RCC has blamed the Jews for everything for centuries, if not longer. Every time I read this “illuminati” buzzword, and the same unproven conspiracy theory I have to chuckle to myself. it should also be noted that every Roman Catholic on the internet trades in this nonsense.
> I believe this whole “illuminati” nonsense was concocted by the papacy
“Believe” what you wish. It doesn’t change facts, though.
Weishaupt taught canon law after the Jesuits were suppressed. He was the first layman to do so at the University, and the remaining ex-Jesuits on the faculty tried to make his life miserable and nearly succeeded in getting him fired. The Illuminati was created in part as a reaction against Jesuit intrigue. The Illuminati constantly fought against the Jesuits, instructed initiates to write and print conspiratorial pamphlets about them, and purchased their own printer and churned out reprints of anti-Jesuit classics. The Illuminati was at the forefront of a veritable industry of Jesuit conspiracy theorizing that became popular all throughout greater Germany in protestant and catholic Duchies. I’ve documented this history in my book Perfectibilists and in the following article: Illuminati Conspiracy Part Two: Sniffing out Jesuits
You can disagree all you like, but please do so with evidence.
I’d also like to state that even if one has a Jewish name that doesn’t make them a Jew. If one converts to Catholicism that makes them a Catholic. Being a Jew is a religion, and not an ethnicity. There hasn’t been a way to prove ones genealogy since the temple and it’s genealogical records were destroyed in 70ad. Then you add in 2000 years of intermarriage. The fact is you or I could have more “Jewish” blood than the people who claim it today. Ask any “rabbi” and he will tell you this himself. He will also admit that being a Jew is a religion and not an ethnicity. Good blog by the way
Rupert Mirdoch was “knighted” with the title of knight of St Gregory by John Paul II. No wonder he prints papal propaganda
I see a lot anti-Catholic nonsense and bias in the comments here, but claiming Jews aren’t an ethnicity, when over 90% of them are Ashkenazi and Jews have no problem viewing themselves as an ethnic group, is absolutely astounding, James.
There are other scholarly websites that disagree with some of what is written here. The truth is likely somewhere in between.
The content at those links is not scholarly in the least. It’s unsourced parroting of conspiracy theories about Rothschild and the Illuminati.
The problem with the National Geographic article – and the point of my response – is that it gives credence to exactly this kind of material.
The Wikipedia page for Meiners is uninterested in any of this Religious speculation and only in his role in the development of Polygenesis and Scientific Racism.
Unless of course that’s a different Meiners who was also an Illuminati member?
Same person. And de.wikipedia, by contrast, mentions nothing about his racism.