Ergenekon and Turkey’s fourth ‘D’ Cyprus
Niyazi Kizilyurek - 30.01.2009
There are quite a few facts that are pointed at through discussions about Ergenekon: state corporations of the Turkish government can subvert the law when it comes to benefits of the ‘state’ and ‘nation’. This act goes as far back as the ‘Young Turks’ and has never been off the agenda since the establishment of the Republic of Turkey and the basis of this lies in the state elite and their perception of the community.
Although modern Turkey was built following the Turkish War of Independence with the participation of the people, it was later transformed so that an elite group ruled the government despite ‘the people’. The founder’s ideology, based on organic ‘nation’ and ‘contemporary civilisation’, was basically in conflict with the pluralist structure of the nation. The traditions and moral values of the people and the state elite worked to surpass them rather than try to solve the conflict. The process of surpassing defined 3 important ‘dangers’ and they did not hesitate in forcing legal boundaries to overcome these dangers. These are known as the ‘3 D’s which are the ‘Black Danger’ (religious threat), the ‘Kurdish Danger’ and ‘Red Danger’. There was a fourth ‘D’ with the addition of the ‘Cyprus Danger’.