Who and what motivated Japan's brutal activities against its neighbors as described in part 14? Britain detrimentally meddled in Asia in the 19th century and America meddled in Asia in the 20th century - who was behind their actions? Kuhn, Loeb and Company financed Japan's Russian invasion in 1905 while the European Rothschilds financed the Russians which somehow failed to receive timely armament delivery. Russia's objectives, viable in 1895, were an ice-free Pacific port and the acquisition of just enough leased territory for the continuation of her transcontinental railway.1 The conflict decimated Russia's economy, preparatory to the well-planned revolution based on philosophy from Karl Marx (1818-83). The House of Rothschild, since 1863, had headquarters in four cities: London, Paris, Vienna and Frankfort.2
On January 30, 1902, Japan signed the Anglo-Japanese Alliance with Great Britain. Japan would be "the Crown's policeman in Asia," to do the dirty work - the killing and the dying. The alliance included high-interest loans from Rothschild-controlled British banks to finance Japan's armament purchases and ships from British firms. Great Britain then demanded that Russia abandon the Kwantung Peninsula, territory leased from China six years before. Russia had already spent $300 million on improvements.3 The alliance was renewed after the Russo-Japanese War and in 1911 after Japan's annexation of Korea (part of Japan from 1910 to 1945). As directed, Japan adopted the gold standard. Carroll Quigley stated the following about the gold standard: "As a consequence, many persons, including financiers and economists, were astonished to discover, in the twentieth century, that the gold standard gave stable exchanges and unstable prices."4 Those who own/control the majority of any commodity, dictate its value, something to consider regarding the 50-year period of regimented Japanese plundering throughout Asia.
As part of the British/Japanese agreement, three hundred British-trained Japanese bankers set up the Japanese banking system. That banking system would create devastating hardships in 1927 and again in the 1990s. Great Britain, challenged with heavy war debt to America's J. P. Morgan, would terminate the 1902 alliance in December 1921. J. P. Morgan and other banks, flush with war profits, focused on investment opportunities in Japan.5
Some of Japan's generals had accepted bribes from Vickers-Maxim, the company that weaponized the small island country for the Russo-Japanese War of 1905. Vickers-Maxim tested their weaponry in the Spanish-American War (partly financed by J&W Seligman Co.) for the control of Cuba's white gold (sugar). Vickers-Maxim supplied weapons for the Boer War (1899-1901) to seize the gold and diamond fields of the Witwatersrand.6 Since those three wars, the Brotherhood of Death has targeted countries receptive to heavy weaponization, a financial windfall to the bankers of death and their cronies, the merchants of death. De-populating war is predictably followed by peace conferences and prudent disarmament, attended by bankers and Kissinger-style politicians. Acquiescent governments junk expensive weapons and shortly replace them with newer, more deadly, more expensive and more profitable weapons.
The Rothschilds were the biggest shareholders of Vickers-Maxim which was the creation, through company consolidations, of Sir Ernest Cassel, personal banker to Edward VII who reigned from January 22, 1901 to May 6, 1910. The king's advisory staff included Leopold and Alfred de Rothschild and various members of the Sassoon family. Cassel was a close friend of Winston Churchill and his father, Randolph, an intimate friend of Nathaniel Rothschild.7 Cassel made a fortune in Siberian gold mines, steel concerns and railway companies.8 The House of Rothschild purchased the London-based Reuters International News Agency in the late 1800s. Just in time to propagandize World War I, the House of Rothschild bought control of major news agencies - Havas of France, and Wolff in Germany.9 British foreign policy and Rothschild foreign policy were one and the same.
Yale University, due to a sizeable donation, was named after Elihu Yale (1649-1721) who was a governor of the British East India Company which began smuggling opium into China beginning in 1773. Yale would be the future home of Skull and Bones (S&B), founded in 1832 by William Russell (opium smuggler). Many S&B member families grew rich through drug dealing: Coffin, Sloane, Taft, Bundy, Payne and Whitney. Averell Harriman (S&B), former Ambassador to Moscow, was business partners with Prescott Bush (S&B), father of George H. W. Bush (S&B), who was appointed Chief of the U.S. Liaison Office to the People's Republic of China from September 26, 1974 - December 7, 1975. Clark T. Randt, Jr., (S&B) is the current U.S. Ambassador to China. Ambassadors are charged with representing U.S. corporate interests.
After Britain's First Opium War (1839-1842) against China, the real power behind the Chinese Emperor was the Soong family who were agents of the House of Sassoon, Jewish multi-national opium traders originally from Baghdad who were later forced to flee to Bombay, India. They obtained exclusive rights from Great Britain to market opium to Shanghai and Hong Kong from which the queen received a healthy share of the millions of dollars of profit. By 1890, about 10 percent of China's total population were opium smokers.10 In 1874, attention was drawn to China's alleged pervasive decadence by members of the Yale School of Divinity - no doubt because of all that opium.11 So, in 1903, a year after the Japan/Great Britain alliance, Yale Divinity School established schools and hospitals throughout China - known as Yale in China.
The Sassoons preferred to run their financial interests from their luxurious English estates in order to socialize with royalty and other elites like A. J. Balfour, H. G. Wells and the rising Winston Churchill.12 In addition to drug profits and in order to exploit India's cheap labor force, Albert Sassoon established huge textile mills in Bombay. This early-day outsourcing destabilized the Lancashire mills and devastated the English citizens who depended on the mills for employment. In 1872, despite this economic assault, Albert was knighted by Queen Victoria, both economically unaffected by the collapse in the textile industry.13 In 1887, Edward Albert Sassoon, son of Sir Albert, married Aline Caroline de Rothschild of the French banking family, grand-daughter of Jacob (James) Mayer Rothschild, son of Mayer.
Dr. Sun Yat-sen (November 12, 1866 - March 12, 1925), revered as the Father of modern China and founder of the Nationalist Party (NP), was born in Guangdong province. He became an American citizen while living with an older brother in Hawaii where he embraced the concept - "government of the people, by the people, for the people." He returned to China in 1883 and was baptized as a Christian. Troubled by British colonialism and exploitation, Dr. Sun left his medical practice and became involved in the reform plot of 1895, an attempt to establish a democracy.14 The plot failed and several reformers were executed. Dr. Sun escaped. On October 11, 1896, he allegedly was kidnapped and kept prisoner in the Chinese Legation in London (established 1877).15 He returned to China after the successful coup against the Qing emperor and was proclaimed Provisional President of the new Republic of China on December 29, 1911. He hoped to establish peace, freedom, and equality in the country.16 However, most of northern China was controlled by unsupportive war lords.
Dr. Sun Yat-sen married Soong Ching-ling, his second wife, one of the Soong sisters, in Japan on October 25, 1915. His brothers-in-law were Harvard-educated Tse-ven Soong, head of the Sassoon-controlled Bank of China, and financier H.H. Kung, Minister of Finance. Tse-ven Soong was the governor of the Central Bank of China and later Minister of Finance (1928 - 1931, 1932 - 1933). The Soong family, with Rothschild/Sassoon money, controlled the Chinese government and had carved up the country into drug regions dominated by warlords. Both the British Crown and the Soong family profited substantially from their mind-destroying, highly addictive opium business.17
In 1921, in an attempt to unify China, Dr. Sun established a military government in the Guangzhou (Canton), Guangdong Province in southern China. He was then elected as president and generalissimo.18 The Whampoa Military Academy was established in 1924 with Chiang Kai-shek as its commandant. The academy was supplied, financed and staffed by Russian military advisors. Sun Yat-sen's principle military advisor, Soviet General Vasily Blucher, had helped found the academy. At least seven hundred cadets were from the Green Gang.19
In order to hasten the conquest of the warlords in northern China, he accepted Soviet help and cooperated with local communists after he had been rejected by the western powers (as Ho Chi Minh had been when he petitioned Woodrow Wilson at the 1919 Versailles Peace Conference and again by Truman in 1945 and 1946 when he wrote asking for assistance). Sun died of liver cancer on March 12, 1925, at the age of 58 at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital which was founded in 1921 by the Rockefeller Foundation after he established the China Medical Board of the Rockefeller Foundation in 1915 to westernize traditional Chinese medical practices.20 Millions of Chinese patients connoted major profits.
Sun Yat-sen's death split the Nationalist Party (NP). Right-wing Chiang Kai-shek took over the National Revolutionary Army and left-wing Wang Jingwei took over the national government, the perfect scenario for civil war. With Soviet troops commanded by General Michael Borodin, Chiang Kai-shek looted the vaults of the Rothschild/Sassoon/Soong bank in Shanghai, the nation's banking center. This infuriated the bankers. Tse-ven Soong made Chiang a tempting offer if he would switch loyalties - $3 million in cash, his sister Mai-Ling Soong (the sister of Dr. Sun's widow) and the presidency of China for life. Chiang agreed. He ordered the Russians out of China and became a British agent.21 When Chiang and Soong were married, Tse-ven Soong presented his sister with his personal mansion.22
Chiang Kai-shek married Mai-Ling Soong, the sister of a Rothschild agent, on December 1, 1927 and was "chosen" president of China on October 10, 1928.23 Chiang's new alliances were revealed when he inexplicably abandoned Nanking, then the capital of the Republic of China, and exposed its vulnerable citizens to six weeks of brutal savagery by the invading Japanese beginning on December 13, 1937.
By 1920, Shanghai, the focus of western economic interest, contained the majority of the country's industrial workers and the biggest base of Communist support in China. The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) dominated Shanghai's municipal government. The NP and the CCP were officially still allies.24 Yet, on April 12, 1927, acting on orders from the Extraterritorial International Settlements on Shanghai headed by Lord William Johnston Keswick,25 the Green Gang Syndicate and Chiang Kai-shek, leading the Nationalist Army in a reign of terror, purged the leftists and labor activists from Shanghai in what is referred to as the Shanghai Massacre. They executed 5,000 to 6,000 of those captured and drove the CCP underground.26 Within six months the Chinese Communist movement was halted as many as twenty-five thousand perished in Shanghai, Nanking, Wusih, Soochow, Changchow, Hangchow, and Canton.27 Probably, most of those who perished could not even fully elaborate on the Communist ideology but wished to alleviate their own misery and poverty.
Chiang had been introduced to the Green Gang as early as 1906 and was sponsored for membership in 1908 and participated in gang activities as an officer of the Chinese army prior to the 1911 revolution. His police record in the British-administered international settlement in Shanghai included murder, extortion, and armed robbery.28
The Green Gang, operating from the French concession, was a criminal cabal and the most powerful secret society in China which was absorbed into the corporate state system after 1932. When opium imports were banned in 1917, drug dealing went underground and the Shanghai traffickers set up their own refineries. Thereafter, illegal drug distribution was dominated by the Green Gang, headed by Tu Yue-sheng who was head of the Chung Wai Bank and chairman of the board of directors of the Commercial Bank of China which made it easy to finance his drug enterprise.29
Lord Keswick actually directed China's opium policy through Tse-ven Soong, who carried out the day-to-day business operations for Jardine Matheson from 1927 to 1942. Keswick was the Director of Jardine Matheson and was closely associated with the management of the Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank. Additionally, he was Chairman of the Shanghai Municipal Council, Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, Director of the Bank of England, Vice-Chairman of Alliance Assurance, and Director of British Petroleum. Shanghai became a drug depot. Earlier, Keswick had collaborated with Sam and Abe Bronfman to found the Pure Drug Company to illegally distribute whiskey into Canada.30
In June 1932, Tse-ven Soong resigned as Finance Minister after failing to raise sufficient money to fight communism. He agreed to return if the government of China would resort to opium as a new revenue source which might solve China's financial crisis. Consequently, millions of acres were taken out of food production which greatly impacted food-short China and reduced peasant survival. The worst famine occurred in the Shaanxl Province between 1928 and 1933, wiping out a third of the population. As many as six million lives were lost in four provinces.31
Personal freedoms have been under world-wide attack, especially since the inception of the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) and its spin-off organizations which played a part in the tyrannical control in the Far East. In 1925, the Institute of Pacific Relations (IPR) was established in twelve countries. It was financed by the Rockefeller and Carnegie Foundations and controlled by an alliance of Morgan and Rockefeller interests in Wall Street.32 Other financing came from Standard Oil, IT&T, Vacuum Oil, Shell Oil, International Business Machines (IBM), International General Electric, Time Magazine, J. P. Morgan, National City Bank and Chase National Bank and private individuals with Wall Street connections.33
Harry Dexter White and Owen Lattimore, both high-level State Department officials, were members of the IPR and planned the destruction of the Chinese economy. They falsified documents claiming that the Chinese Communists were simply farmers promoting agricultural reform. From 1943-49, popular U.S. magazines, like the Saturday Evening Post and Colliers, sanctioned the Communist movement. Mao Tse-tung, who had fought on the side of Dr. Sun's revolutionaries in 1911, was portrayed as a reformer. In 1945, Lattimore suggested, to President Truman, a Communist/Nationalist coalition government which became the basis of Truman's China policy, announced on December 15, 1945.34 Dr. Chi Chao-ting, who collaborated with Soviet intelligence agents, worked for the Institute of Pacific Relations, and subsequently became a high Chinese Communist official.35
The IPR's party line and the Kremlin's party line emanate from the same source - the left wing of the Hegelian Dialectic (orchestrated opposition). The right-wing is Fascism. Darwin-influenced Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900) founded Nietzscheism, a forerunner of the Fascism, embraced after WWI by Mussolini and Hitler. Mussolini's Doctrine of Fascism, co-written by Giovanni Gentile and Marx's earlier Communist Manifesto (1848) provided the polar political opposites that bred the Cold War.
Lattimore left the IPR to assume a post as Chiang Kai-shek's political advisor in 1941. He had been recommended by fellow traveler, Lauchlin Currie, economic advisor to President Roosevelt.36 The U.S. government predictably adopted the IPR plan to cut aid and ammunition to Chiang Kai-shek, ultimately resulting in the suppression of 600,000,000 Chinese between 1945 and 1949.37 But Chiang got his $3 million, a mansion, a well-connected wife and a relatively cushy life. The Chinese who survived, the so-called, collateral damage, got tyrannical Communism.
Deanna Spingola has been a quilt designer and is the author of two books. She has traveled extensively teaching and lecturing on her unique methods. She has always been an avid reader of non-fiction works designed to educate rather than entertain. She is active in family history research and lectures on that topic. Currently she is the director of the local Family History Center. She has a great interest in politics and the direction of current government policies, particularly as they relate to the Constitution. Deanna's Web Site
PERFECTIBILISTS: The 18th Century Bavarian Order of the Illuminati, by Terry Melanson
The Ascendancy of the Scientific Dictatorship, by Paul & Phillip Collins
Memoirs Illustrating the History of Jacobinism, by Abbe Barruel
Fire in the Minds of Men: Origins of the Revolutionary Faith, by James H. Billington
America's Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull & Bones, by Antony C. Sutton