by Terry Melanson (15/11/2008)
So, I’m browsing through the results of a keyword-search (targeting blogs) that I had previously saved as an RSS feed in Google Reader – “Illuminati.” Usually the results point to sites that abuse the term as a mere descriptor for an overarching, all-powerful monolithic conspiracy. However, once in a while, I occasionally come across at least an attempt not to knowingly butcher the historical record.
The November 12th post at the English section of Illuminaten.org is one such example. But as I started reading “The Bavarian Illuminati: several myths revealed,” it became quite clear that the post is, in fact – word for word – an abridged re-posting of “A Bavarian Illuminati Primer.”
Once I got to the part about Lanz and Lang, I knew for sure.
Here’s what Mason Trevor W. McKeown thinks is the myth/truth:
As an example of the mythology that surrounds the history of the Illuminati, note that Barruel claimed that Lanz, an Illuminati courier and apostate priest, was struck by lightning, thus revealing Weishaupt’s papers to the authorities, but this does not appear to be substantiated. This error was widely reprinted and enlarged on by subsequent anti-masons whose lack of research and disdain for historical accuracy has lead them to confuse Johann Jakob Lanz (d.1785), a non-Illuminati secular priest in Erding, and friend of Weishaupt, with Franz Georg Lang, a court advisor in Eichstätt who was active in the Illuminati under the name Tamerlan.
Barruel mistakenly translated “weltpriester”, or secular priest, as apostate priest and subsequent writers such as Webster and Miller have repeated this error. Eckert renamed Weishaupt’s friend as Lanze and had him struck by lightning while carrying dispatches in Silesia. Miller cited Eckert but renamed Lanz as Jacob Lang and placed the lightning strike in Ratisbon. This is a minor detail in the history but it demonstrates the lack of accuracy often displayed by detractors of the Illuminati.
As nobody has challenged him on these assertions – not even a German site who should know better – I’ll reiterate and add additional information to what I had written back in August 2005. Mr. McKeown is guilty of the same thing he accuses others of: “lack of research and disdain for historical accuracy.”
It makes no difference to me what Barruel or Robison had gotten right or wrong (incidentally Barruel was right); all that matters is that, now, we know the truth. First and foremost: it was indeed Johann Jakob Lanz (b. 1735) who was killed beside Weishaupt while riding horseback in Regensburg.
First, let’s identify all the known members of the Illuminati with either a last name of Lang or Lanz.
- Franz Georg Lang (1752-1790) -Tamerlane-
- Johann Adam Lang (b. 1762?) –Hugo Grotius/Plotinus–
- Karl Heinrich Ritter von Lang (1764-1835)
- Konrad Lang –Diogenes of Apollonia–
- Lanz –Albert II–
- Johann Jakob Lanz (1735-July 20, 1785) –Socrates/DuSaint–*
* See Hermann Schüttler, Die Mitglieder des Illuminatenordens 1776-1787/93 (Munich: Ars Una 1991), pp. 91-2; the foremost scholar on the Bavarian Illuminati alive today. His archival studies on the Illuminati, spanning the whole of Europe, culminated in the publication of Die Mitglieder, and includes a staggering 1255 confirmed members.
I’m not even going to get into why the others are not the Lanz/Lang that was struck by lightning – though the first and third are disqualified by their dates of death alone. I’ll merely recount what Dr. Schüttler says about Johann Jakob Lanz (on p. 92): ordained a priest in 1757, studied theology and jurisprudence; a Benefiziat [benefice] in Erding and a resident of Munich. Death by lightning in July 1785 while accompanying Weishaupt in Regensburg.
In fact, Schüttler used to have an extensive site on the Illuminati (now defunct, and which unfortunately hasn’t been cached by the Wayback Machine). For years his site included alphabetical lists of Illuminati members who have their likeness painted/drawn for posterity. Back in late 2005 or early 2006, I did a scrape of his Illuminati members pages. Here, then, is a screenshot of the Johann Jakob Lanz page (including his pic) as it once appeared at Schüttler’s site:
Another McKeown error regarding Lanz was the claim that the latter wasn’t a member of the Illuminati! Johann Jakob Lanz was indeed a member of the Illuminati, even subsequently becoming head of the Freising Minerval Church; also a member of the Munich Lodge Theodor zum guten Rat (controlled by the Illuminati) and the co-founder of the Masonic/Illuminati Lodge Augusta zu den drei Kronen in Freising (Schüttler, op. cit., p. 92).
This Freising Lodge – outwardly a Masonic one – was a vehicle for the machinations of the Illuminati. The charter was theirs, the Lodge was theirs, and the system (a society within a secret society) was entirely geared toward recruitment into the Order. Augusta zu den drei Kronen was solemnly instituted on August 4th, 1781 by the following FF. of the Illuminati: Count Anton Clemens von Törring zu Seefeld (Ulysses) and Franz Paul Edler von Berger (Cornelius Scipio), delegates from the Munich Lodge Theodor zum guten Rat; in the presence of Imperial Count Joseph Christian von Königsfeld (Augustus/Orion); Karl Eligius, Baron von Strommer (Atticus); Josef Georg von Delling (Pansa/Augustus); Franz Xaver von Kammerloher (Lepidus/Soccurus); Franz von Paula Hoheneicher (Alcibiades); Johann Jakob Lanz; Max Joseph Baron von Frauenberg (Adrian/Trajanus); Count Stanislaus von Taufirchen (Pomponius/Malacrida); Maximillian Kaltner (Allucius); Franz Paul de Dufresne (Maevius); Franz Xaver Ferdinand Josef, Baron von Gumpenberg (Protheus); and Franz Xaver von Hueber (Theocritus). Lanz was the Lodge’s first Orator and the Master of Ceremonies.*
* See Schüttler, op. cit., passim, and René Le Forestier, Les Illuminés de Bavière et la Franc-Maçonnerie Allemande [Paris: 1914], Archè reprint, 2001, pp. 246-7 and n. 5, 394 n. 3. However, even the great Le Forestier calls him “Lang” instead of “Lanz,” though he gets it right that this person was indeed an important Illuminati at the Freising Lodge. Ultimately, the confusion might lie in the fact that both Franz Georg Lang and Johann Jakob Lanz were members of the Lodge Theodor zum guten Rat in Munich; it was from the latter Lodge that the charter for the Freising Lodge was received. Schüttler has done the necessary leg work and not only has two-hundred years of hindsight to draw upon, but new archival material with names, dates of birth, and station, etc. It probably wasn’t even possible to settle the question (Lanz or Lang) until the proper lists from Lodges and archives had become accessible.
The Illuminati Directorate of Freising (=Thebes) had the following structure:
- Upper Palatinate (Delta)
- Heinrich Karl, Baron Roth von Schröckenstein (Propertius)
- Minerval Church Superior
- Johann Jakob Lanz
- Quaestor and Minerval Church Secretary
- Karl Eligius, Baron von Strommer*
* Schüttler, op. cit., p. 231.
In 1785 Adam Weishaupt was on the run. He had escaped Ingolstadt just in time. The Bavarian Elector, Duke Karl Theodor had issued his second edict against secret societies in general and the Illuminati and Freemasonry in particular. Weishaupt had actually left two weeks before the March 2nd edict, and was safe for the time being in the free imperial city of Regensburg.
On July 20th, 1785 Weishaupt and his friend Lanz were riding on horseback near the gates of Regensburg. Lanz was struck dead by lightning while Weishaupt, at his side, remained unscathed. It is one of those episodes in history that at first glance is immediately suspect. But it is true. For all to bear witness, the Lord – in spectacular fashion – had revealed his righteous indignation. You see Lanz was a priest who’d willingly followed the Illuminati. He knew full well the anti-religious sentiments of his brethren, and worse: as Minerval Superior he proselytized, and personally indoctrinated men into a thoroughly ungodly system.* To a jealous God – a befitting end, indeed.
* For example, in one instance, a high-ranking member of the Illuminati, Baron de Bassus confessed that during a Minerval gathering in Munich (in 1778), he had personally witnessed a French abbot read to the assembly works of an extreme nature; intensely attacking Christianity and replete with atheism and vitriol toward God and his “imposters,” “Moses, Jesus and Mohamed” (Le Forestier, op. cit., p. 90 and n. 1).
Lanz was traveling to Silesia on a scouting mission for the Order and it makes sense that he had stopped in Regensburg to consult with Weishaupt. Regensburg is directly on the North-easterly route.
Lanz’ corpse was searched, and found sewn into his vestments was a list of members of the Illuminati and other papers detailing the Silesian mission. If Lanz had made it there, his next task would have been to visit as many Lodges as possible. The papers discovered on his body made clear that Lanz was admonished to take note of the following: (1) the names of Lodges and villages or towns in which they are located; (2) the name of the Master of the Chair, the two wardens directly below him, and any other influential members of the Lodge; (3) what system does it practice; (4) how long has the Lodge been active; (5) the manner in which it is directed or operated; (6) how many degrees it confers above that of the three symbolic grades; (7) if they are aware of the Order of the Illuminati; (8) what opinion they have formed of it; (9) what are their thoughts concerning the persecutions of the Freemasons and Illuminati in Bavaria, and who they think is responsible; (10) what they say about the Disciples of Loyola and the Jesuits. He was also instructed not to reveal his status as an Illuminatus, with hope of provoking genuine responses. (Le Forestier, op. cit., p. 477).